The Jamstack architecture can be divided into four types based on the HTML rendering method:
- SPA (single page application)
- SSG (server-side generation)
- SSR (server-side rendering)
- ISR (incremental static regeneration)
- This section explains the differences between them.
Comparison at a glance
The table below summarizes the similarities and differences between the four types:
|Page rendering start time||Upon receiving response||Upon receiving request||Page is generated before request||Upon initial request
(within expiration period)
|Page content freshness||★★★||★★★||★||★★|
(Generated upon initial request)
|OGP for each page||✕||★★★||★★★||★★★|
SPA (single page application)
In many cases, the data required to display more content is also retrieved via API. The initial display tends to be slightly slower as the API is only processed after the initially retrieved HTML is rendered.
SSG (static site generation)
One problem with SSG is that the content may be outdated depending on how often it is generated. Therefore, to ensure an effective CDN cache, set a long cache lifetime and avoid including content that is updated frequently.
SSR (server-side rendering)
Unlike CSR, SSR renders content on the server side. This means that the content is always up-to-date, since the HTML to be displayed is generated by the server. However, content caching with SSR is more difficult, slower, and causes a greater server load compared to CDN caching.
ISR (incremental static regeneration)
ISR, like SSR, generates pages when a client requests them, but caches them for use on subsequent requests. With the SSG architecture, all the pages are generated in advance, which can take time if there are many of them. But with ISR, pages are generated upon request, so server start-up is much faster.
ISR allows you to set the expiration date when you create a cache. Once this period is up, the server regenerates the page.